Benzodiazepines, barbiturates, and sedative-hypnotics are central nervous system depressants that work by enhancing the effects of the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), resulting in anxiolytic (anti-anxiety), hypnotic (sleep-inducing), anticonvulsant, and muscle relaxant properties. This pharmacology lecture covers topics such as pathophysiology of anxiety and insomnia, role of GABA in the central nervous system, structure and function of GABA-A receptor, limbic system, mechanism of action and side effects of benzodiazepines, barbiturates, and non-benzodiazepine sedative-hypnotics. Drugs mentioned include; Alprazolam, Chlordiazepoxide, Clonazepam, Diazepam, Lorazepam, Temazepam, Pentobarbital, Phenobarbital, Secobarbital, Zolpidem, Zaleplon, and Eszopiclone.
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0:28 GABA and its receptors
2:18 Limbic system
6:57 Nonbenzodiazepine hypnotics